|European Regional Science Association|
The abstract for paper number 339:
Ayse Gedik, Prof. Dr. Orta Dogu Teknik Universitesi (Middle East Technical University), Ankara, Turkey, Nihan Sahin, Orta Dogu Teknik Universitesi (Middle East Technical University), Ankara, Turkey
Net Migration Between Different Settlement Types in Turkey, 1985-90: The Resultant National Population Distribution
In our past studies covering 1965-90, we observed that net migration was from villages and district centers (towns) towards province centers (cities). Village population started to decrease beginning with 1980. Although the net migration trend throughout the period was almost constant for the villages and the province centers, the role of the district centers changed in later periods. Previously, the district centers were transient settlements in terms of net migration with resultant almost zero net migration. However, in later years, they began to have net out-migration in significantly increasing numbers, because net in-migration from the villages decreased and net out-migration to the province centers increased.
Likewise, in the initial years, the numbers of net migrants from villages to province centers were largest in size; whereas, in the later years, the largest type of net migration was from district to province centers. In other words, through the years, the significance of the villages as the source of migrants decreased, while the role of district centers increased. We predict that this trend will continue as the level of urbanization increases and as the proportion of young population as potential migrants decrease.
In our paper, we shall study in detail the 1985-90 period and will analyze the regional differences in the pattern of net migration between the three different settlement types and the resultant population distribution, and the factors behind these differences.
Unfortunately full paper has not been submitted.