19.06.2017

Programme

 

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Sunday 18 June 2017

Travel to Jyväskylä. The way from the railway station to Hotel Alba is walkable: just cross the railway via a bridge and turn to the right, following the shore of Lake Jyväsjärvi towards the south to the hotel. The distance is less than 1,5 kilometres. See map link. Taxis are also available at the station.

Accommodation in Hotel Alba

20.00 Welcoming buffet dinner (in the cabinet of Hotel Alba)

Cancellations and special diets at antero.holmila@jyu.fi by 9 June.


Monday 19 June 2017

8.30 Registration, Historica 3rd floor

9.00 Opening of the workshop (H306)

Pasi Ihalainen, Introduction to the project

9.15 Keynote lecture

Hagen Schulz-Forberg (Aarhus), Democracy, sovereignty and the European integration: Global and transnational perspectives

10.15 Coffee (3rd floor lobby)

10.30 First session: Parliaments, the Executive and International Organisations in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries

The relationship between the national and the supranational or outright transnational decision-making has increasingly influenced the European political sphere since the First World War. The question of the role of parliamentary involvement in both spheres has remained unclear. Previous research has suggested that transnationalism tends to increase as parliamentarians coordinate their work across boundaries.

The organizing project has reconstructed and analysed the long-term development of European supra- and transnational foreign policy over the 20th century focusing especially on the national parliaments. The focus has been on the dynamic relationship between the parliamentarisation of foreign policy at the national level on the one hand and pressures to proceed towards a supra- and transnational decision-making in this field on the other. Debates in the national parliaments, among the public and the executive in connection with the construction of major international organisations have been explored. The analysis of parliamentary and archival sources has combined the methods of the history of political discourse with a contextualising interest in the political use of language and the methods of political history studied both in domestic and international contexts.

This opening session explores the relationship between parliaments and governments in a longer term perspective and focuses on the transnational aspects of the construction of the League of Nations and other twentieth-century international organisations

Chair: Antero Holmila (Jyväskylä)

Henk te Velde (Leiden), Parliaments and the Executive in the 19th Century

Pasi Ihalainen (Jyväskylä), Internationalization and Democratization Interconnected: The Swedish and Finnish Parliaments Debating Membership in the League of Nations (available on the conference website)

Emil Eiby Seidenfaden (Aarhus), Public legitimization strategies of the League of Nations 1919-1930 (available on the conference website)

Norbert Götz (Södertörn), Parliaments and the Moral Economy of Aid in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Century
(available on the conference website)

Discussants: 1. Hagen Schulz-Forberg 2. Andrew Williams

12.45 Lunch and coffee (Restaurant Tilia)

13.45 Second session: European democratic value identity in formation in the post-World War Two context

In the contemporary European political scene the European Union and other European organizations provide commonly shared value principles that work as part of European identity. These values are especially linked to the liberal ideology of the 19thcentury emphasizing the freedoms of individuals and the multiparty model of democracy. As such, the early history of the European integration history is not only an experience of rebuilding devastated economies but also an effort to draft the common understanding of these values. This session investigates the early phase of the European integration and the ways and measures how nations found commonly shared explanations of the ideological motive from the process. Special attention is given on the formation of the Council of Europe and other organizations of Western European co-operation in post-World War Two settings

Chair: Miina Kaarkoski (Jyväskylä)

Jasper Trautsch (Regensburg), The Westernization of West Germany after 1945: A Conceptual History Approach

Mark Gilbert (John Hopkins, Bologna), Progressive Diplomacy: Henry A. Wallace’s Visit to Britain in the Spring of 1947 in the context of British debates on European Reconstruction (available on the conference website)

Taru Haapala (Jyväskylä), Rhetoric of Empire and Federalism in the British Parliament prior to the Congress of Europe

Teemu Häkkinen (Jyväskylä), From Values to Institution. An Analysis of Value-related Debates during the Establishment of the Council of Europe, 1948−1950 (available on the conference website)

Discussants: 1. Richard Vinen, 2. Willibald Steinmetz

16.00 Coffee (3rd floor lobby)

16.15-18.30 Third session: Crises and the Evolving Role of National Parliaments in the European Integration

This session examines the effects of different crises on the European integration process in the long term and particularly from the 1970s onwards. The main task of the session is to illustrate how political discussions in different forums (parliaments, executive, press etc.) about the role of national parliaments in the EC/EU evolved as the reaction to crisis. Papers discuss questions such as tensions concerning national interests and national sovereignty versus benefits of supranational decision-making, processes of parliamentarization of foreign policy and tensions in defining ‘legitimacy’ and ‘democracy’ in the European integration process

Chair: Pasi Ihalainen (Jyväskylä)

Irène Herrmann (Genéve), Might direct democracy be a challenge to parliaments? When the Swiss refused their country’s membership in the European Community

Houda ben Hamouda (Sorbonne), The French parliament, the European Parliament and relations to Tunisia (in French) CANCELLED.

Miina Kaarkoski (Jyväskylä), ‘Global climate threat’ and the question of international and European cooperation in the German and British parliaments in 1992 (available on the conference website)

Joachim Wintzer (KGParl Berlin), The Bundestag and European Integration, 1970-2016: Organising parliamentary scrutiny and protecting German interests during the Greek debt crisis and the European migration crisis

Discussants: 1. Hagen Schulz-Forberg, 2. Niilo Kauppi

19.00 Dinner in town (Restaurant Harmooni, Väinönkatu 1)

Cancellations and special diets at antero.holmila@jyu.fi by 9 June.

 

Tuesday 20 June 2017

9.30 Fourth session: The United Nations and the Transition from War to Peace, 1941−1949 (H306)

This session investigates difficult and contested issues during the first years of the United Nation’s history from new and refreshing perspectives. The main theme this panel seeks to examine, is the relationship (both opportunities and tensions) between national parliaments and the new supranational institution. Papers can be thematic, historiographical, methodological or theoretical in orientation. However, emphasis should be given to interplay between political rhetoric and political action. Issues which this panel could address (although not limited to it): the hopes, dreams and fears expressed in national parliaments vis-à-vis the UN system/new global world order; transnational networks between individual MPs and the United Nations in various forms, which could include, political, cultural, economic and scientific networks; history, political rhetoric and actions ascribed to the roles of various UN organizations in helping the transition from war to peace (e.g. UNRRA, ILO, ICJ, UNAEC, World Bank, IMF); the UN’s handling of its early challenges from the perspective of national parliament (and other bodies), eg. the Iran Crisis, the Partition of Palestine, the attempts to control atomic energy; early public opinion and media perspectives about the UN; the transformation of the League of Nations to the UN; from national to international finance: the role of IMF in the UN system and the funding of the world peace

Chair: Teemu Häkkinen (Jyväskylä)

Andrew Williams (St Andrews), De Gaulle as a Military and Political Thinker and Post-War Order (available on the conference website)

Matti Roitto (Jyväskylä), The UN and the Utopia of Atomic Energy Control

Antero Holmila (Jyväskylä), Constructing a New World Order: The United States Congress and the Origins of the United Nations (available on the conference website)

Discussants: 1. Norbert Götz, 2. Richard Vinen

11.30 Final discussion and closure of the workshop

12.00-13.00 Lunch and coffee (Restaurant Tilia)

Departure or freetime

 

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