Doctoral Dissertation

18.1.2019 FM Inker-Anni Sara (Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Organizational communication)


18.1.2019 12:00 — 15:00

Location: Mattilanniemi , Agora Delta
FM Inker-Anni Sara defends her doctoral dissertartion in organizational communication "Whose Voice? Understanding stakeholder involvement in low drafting affecting Sami reindeer herding".

Opponent professor Katerina Tsetsura (Gaylord College of Journalism and Mass Communication) and Custos professor Vilma Luoma-aho.

The doctoral dissertation is held in English.


A communication and a legal approach are combined to investigate stakeholder involvement in law drafting affecting Sami reindeer herding. The thesis focuses on Finland, participation in law drafting in the Act on Metsähallitus (Forest Management and Park Services) and consultation related to the adoption of the International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention No. 169 concerning Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries.

The research aims at gaining a better understanding of communication preceding and during law drafting processes regarding indigenous land use. It clarifies the changing context of the law drafting in which the issue of land use is addressed.

Study 1 provides an overview of available studies on participation in matters of land use by the Sami and other indigenous peoples, noting the extent of indigenous peoples’ participation in land use management, and limitations and opportunities that explain indigenous influence, or a lack of it in land use.  

Study 2 focuses on participation of the Sami in the law drafting process of revision of the Act on Metsähallitus, to increase the understanding of stakeholder involvement and interaction in the law drafting process as an ‘issue arena’ where multiple actors have a stake. It views law drafting as a communicative process, centres on lobbying and therefore identifies key stakeholders, relevant issue arenas and steps in law drafting that bring opportunities for participation.

In Study 3, the focus is on the consultation concerning the government bill on the ratification of the ILO Convention No. 169 in Finland and, particularly, on types of issue framing and the positioning of the actors in the complicated interplay in multi-actor law drafting arenas. In these spaces of interaction for policymaking, multiple actors participate and ally, discussing various overlapping and conflicting issues.

The results explain the complexity of stakeholder involvement in law drafting from the perspective of multi-actor issue arenas, acknowledging that the economic stakes are high in the debate on ratification. The competitiveness of the land use issue causes a selective nature of the discussion and, consequently, the slow progress in the ILO 169 case.

Keywords: Sami reindeer herding, indigenous peoples, ILO Convention No. 169, law drafting, strategic communication, framing, agenda building, lobbying