News Edupsy

Preschool quality enhances first-graders’ reading acquisition

Preschool is meant to prepare children for a smooth transition to the first grade and enhance children’s learning in the first grade. However, a fresh study from the Department of Psychology at the University of Jyväskylä Finland indicates that not only the fact of attending preschool but also the quality of preschool matters for children’s reading acquisition in the first grade.

Language skills at age 2 onwards can predict PISA performance

A study carried out at the University of Jyväskylä has found that performance in the reading comprehension task of the OECD Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), taken at age 15, can be reliably predicted well before the beginning of school.

Heartbeat paces learning

The electrophysiological activity of the brain is dominated by rhythmically coupled oscillations with different frequencies. The synchrony between oscillations enables effective communication locally and between brain regions. Many physiological functions, such as breathing and heartbeat, are also rhythmically coupled in nature. Furthermore, the rhythms of the brain and body are coupled. For instance, the neural activities of the hippocampus and the breathing pattern have been shown to oscillate in synchrony. The hippocampus is a crucial brain structure for learning, meaning that the rhythmical coupling of the brain and the body might affect the learning process. The Behavioral Neuroscience Group from the Department of Psychology in the University of Jyväskylä studied the effects of the cardiac cycle in a simple learning task.