27.06.2018

Social security

Social security when moving to work in Finland

When moving to work in another country, social security may either be granted from the employee’s home country or from the host country.

When moving to Finland, the type of employment (a local contract in Finland or having employment in several countries) affects the eligibility for the Finnish social security.

If you are employed in several countries at the same time, the country of your social security entitlement is determined by respective authorities and will be based on the EU directives, social security agreements and local laws. This means that the employee is not able choose the country of coverage him-/herself.

International Staff Services will check your status before arrival.

Social security

Social security in Finland

Finnish social security is divided into residence-based social security and employment-based, earnings-related social security.

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Finnish social security is based on permanent residency or employment in Finland.

If you will work in Finland for at least four (4) consecutive months, minimum 18 hours a week and your salary is at least the sum determined in the General Collective Agreement for Universities, you should be eligible for residence-based social security benefits on the basis of employment from the beginning of your employment. The final decison is made by Kela, the social security authority in Finland.

In case your eligibility to social security benefits will be created on the basis of an employment, the eligibility will terminate when the employment ends.

Kela Office Jyväskylä
Vapaudenkatu 40 - 42, 40100 Jyväskylä
Opening hours: Mon-Fri 9 a.m. - 4 p.m.

Further information:

Kela and National Health Insurancekela

Most of the social security benefits are administered by Kela, the Finnish social security agency.

If you have been enrolled with Finnish social security, you will be eligible for Finnish National Health Insurance and receive a so-called ‘Kela card’. By presenting your Kela card at pharmacies or many private medical clinics, you can get a direct at-the-spot reimbursement for your costs.

The card is normally asked also at the public health care services as a proof of eligibility to the National Health Insurance.

Further information: