Modes of Study

There are different modes of study and teaching in use at the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences and  JYU. Below are some examples with explanations on the modes which you might encounter while studying here.

Different Modes of Study


The theory and examples of the subject matter at hand are provided by the means of lectures. It is advisable to follow the lectures actively and take notes. Some time is required to be used for revising the lectures at home, especially if there are no demonstrations.

Independent exercises

An essential part of studying is completing independent exercises. In these exercises, the subjects dealt with during the course are combined and processed to give the students a good overview of the course.

Independent study / Book examination

Book exams are an often used completion mode, i.e. the method of learning, as well as the assessment, for independent study courses; where the course is in English only by book exam, there is no contact teaching but the course is completed fully by independent study. The purpose is for the student to read the predefined material/ literature independently. In the exam, some major points of the material will be inquired to see what the student has learned of the topic. Further advice can be sought from the International Coordinator and the programme staff.

Written assignment

Some courses may require completing written assignments. The purpose of these assignments is usually to summarise and apply the theoretical knowledge gained at the lectures or by reading the set literature. A written assignment is usually completed in the form of an essay.