Westinen Elina, tutkijatohtori / postdoctoral researcher

työstä vapaalla 11.6.2019 asti / on leave of absence until June 11, 2019
Westinen Elina, tutkijatohtori / postdoctoral researcher
soveltava kielitiede / applied linguistics
Ag D322.3

'New' Ethnicities and (Non)Belonging in Finnish Hip Hop Culture 

In my  postdoctoral research, I explore the multisemiotic construction of 'new' ethnicities and (non)belonging in Finnish hip hop culture in both digital and physical settings. More specifically, I investigate a) rap artists of migrant background, b) young rap fans of migrant background and c) the media representations of migrant rap. See below for my publications on the topic.

My doctoral thesis (Westinen 2014; link below) explored how three Finnish rap artists (Cheek, Pyhimys and Stepa) construct their authenticity through linguistic and discursive resources, projecting several scale-levels (spatio-temporal frames) and orienting towards various centers of norms. Theoretically and methodologically, I drew on insights from sociolinguistics (of globalization), discourse studies and ethnography. The thesis was the first one on Finnish hip hop and received a great deal of media attention.

I am also a member of the research network Hip-hop Suomessa: suuntaukset ja sukupolvet (Hip hop in Finland: genres and generations) (https://hiphopfinland.com/). 

Selected publications


  • Westinen, E. (2018). “Who’s afraid of the dark?” – The ironic self-stereotype of the ethnic Other in Finnish rap music. In Ross, A. & D. Rivers (eds.), The Sociolinguistics of Hip-Hop as Critical Conscience: Dissatisfaction and Dissent. Houndmills: Palgrave MacMillan, 131–161.

  • Westinen, E. (2017). "Still alive, nigga": Multisemiotic Constructions of self as the Other in Finnish Rap Music Videos. In Leppänen, S., E. Westinen & S. Kytölä (eds.), Social media discourse, (dis)identifications and diversities. New York: Routledge, 335–360.

  • Leppänen, S. & E. Westinen (2017). Migrant rap in the periphery: Performing politics of belonging. AILA Review 30: Meaning-making in the periphery, 1–26.

  • Leppänen, S., S. Kytölä & E. Westinen (2017). Multilingualism and multimodality in language use and literacies in digital environments. In Encyclopedia of Language and Education (ed. S. May). Vol. 9: Language, Education and Technology, ed. S.L. Thorne & S. May. Springer, 119–130.

  • Westinen, E. & S. Lehtonen (2016). Mustan miehen etninen toiseus ja vastapuhe suomalaisessa populaarimusiikissa [A black man’s ethnic otherness and counter discourse in Finnish popular music]. Kulttuurintutkimus [Culture research] 33(3-4), 15–28.

  • Kytölä, S. & E. Westinen (2015). “I be da reel gansta”. A Finnish footballer’s Twitter writing and metapragmatic evaluations of authenticity. Discourse, Context and Media 8, 6-19.

  • Blommaert, J., E. Westinen & S. Leppänen (2015). Further notes on sociolinguistic scales.Intercultural Pragmatics 12(1), 119–127.
  • Westinen, E. (2014). The Discursive Construction of Authenticity: Resources, Scales and Polycentricity in Finnish Hip Hop Culture. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-39-5728-5
  • Leppänen, S., S. Kytölä, H. Jousmäki, S. Peuronen & E. Westinen (2014). Entextualization and resemiotization as resources for identification in social media. In P. Seargeant and C. Tagg (eds.) The Language of Social Media: Identity and Community on the Internet. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 112-136.
  • Westinen, E. (2012). Bättre folk – kriittinen sosiolingvistinen kommentti suomalaisessa rap-musiikissa. Teoksessa M. Salasuo, P. Komonen & J. Poikolainen (toim.), Katukulttuuri – Nuorisoesiintymiä 2000-luvun Suomessa. Helsinki: Nuorisotutkimusverkosto, 119-141.
  • Westinen, E. (2007). “Buuzzia, Budia ja hyvää ghettobootya” — The Construction of hip hop identities in Finnish rap lyrics through English and language mixing | Download free PDF