The study of language education policies is a multidisciplinary and diversified field. Research in this field is focused both on values and attitudes towards languages, language proficiency, language learning and teaching and language use, and on the links between policies and practices, the language reserve of individuals and society, and issues concerning identities and integration.

In applied language studies, language education policies are usually situated in the middle ground between language policy and language planning, and consequently research is based on the needs and goals of general education policies. In practice, particularly the relationship of language education policies and language policy is more complex because, among other things, language education policies include ideological ideals, aims, and norms.

Consequently, modern research emphasizes the meaning of various social actors in language education policies. Research must identify the openness of policy making and the often conflicting starting points and interests of various actors. A distinctive feature in Finnish language education policies has been the fact that they have been restricted to the planning of policies for basic and secondary education which has narrowed down the scope of language education policies as an area of research. Taking into account the perspectives of, for example, research on working life, economics of education, research on migration and social policy would diversify our conception of language education policies.


The CALS coordinates The Finnish Network for Language Education Policies funded by the Ministry of Education and Culture in 2009–2016.



List of all CALS projects