James Jardine


PhD and University Researcher
jamesjardine0 at gmail.com

Project Description:
My research within the MEPA project focusses on the lived experience and preconditions of a phenomenon that social psychologists have termed ‘dehumanisation.’ Dehumanisation in this sense occurs when members of a certain group respond to persons external to that group in a way which suggests that the former have not attributed to the latter certain capacities and features that are generally regarded as characteristic of human personhood. This can either involve out-group members being misrecognised as lacking psychological, cultural, or moral capacities that are typically attributed to human beings as opposed to non-human animals (so-called ‘animalistic dehumanisation’), or more radically, as lacking even the more rudimentary forms of agency and mindedness typically ascribed to animals more generally (so-called ‘mechanistic dehumanisation’). My work aims to further clarify such forms of dehumanisation as (pathological) subjective accomplishments by drawing upon resources from classical and contemporary phenomenology. In particular, I am interested in whether dehumanisation should be regarded as a disruption of perceptual experience, of empathy (and if so, which kind of empathy), and/or whether it is a pathology rooted in affect and evaluative attitudes. In close connection with this latter question, my work also attempts to shed light on the socio-cultural origins of dehumanisation, clarifying the role of interpersonal and cultural appropriation, and exclusionary forms of group identity, in the development of dehumanising attitudes.

Latest Publications:

  • (2017) ‘Empathy in the Phenomenological Tradition’, in: Heidi Maibom (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Empathy. New York/Oxon: Routledge. (Co-authored with Thomas Szanto, where I am primary author.)
    (2017) ‘Elementary Recognition and Empathy: A Husserlian Account’, Metodo: International Studies in Phenomenology and Philosophy, 5(1): 143-170
  • (2016) ‘Wahrnehmung und Explikation: Husserl und Stein über die Phänomenologie der Einfühlung’, Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie, 64(2): 352-374.
  • (2015) ‘Stein and Honneth on Empathy and Emotional Recognition’, Human Studies, 38(4): 567-589.
  • (2014) ‘Husserl and Stein on the Phenomenology of Empathy: Perception and Explication’, Synthesis Philosophica, 29(2): 273-288.


Upcoming Conference Talks:

  • Empathy and Dehumanisation’, Conference: The Inhuman Gaze and Perceiving Otherwise. Centre Culturel Irlandais, Paris. Organised by School of Philosophy, University College Dublin. June 2018.