Post-industrial work and changing time-space relations

[Jälkiteollinen työ ja muuttuvat aika-paikkasuhteet]


Funding period:  1.9.2011–31.8.2016, Academy of Finland

Project leader:    Timo Anttila, PhD, Adjunct professor



The organization of working times and work places has become an increasing focus for analysis on quality of work and life. The organization of times and places of work is a key determinant of work conditions. It also defines employees’ possibilities to balance work and other life spheres. This study approaches spaces and times of work as transition from industrial towards post-industrial time-space regime. The weakening of socio-temporal structures creates both new opportunities and new risks. It has been assumed that society is polarizing into groups that benefit differently from the changing time structures.

In addition to post-industrial work life, social relations are increasingly affected and mediated through digital technologies. Therefore the study asks also whether society is polarizing according to use of ICT’s and how digital technologies change the time-use in households.

The main aim of the study is to explore to what extent and how the structural features of the temporal and spatial organization of daily life are changing in Finland. The analysis is based on two datasets. Firstly, we use the series of Finnish Working conditions Survey (1977, 1984, 1990, 1997, 2003, and 2008, next 2013) to analyse temporal and spatial changes in work, and the relationships between work and well-being.  Secondly, in order to examine the changes of temporal organization of life, we use the Finnish Time Use Surveys from four decades (1977, 1987–1988; 1999–2000; 2009–2010).

The first aim is to examine to what extent working times and places have changed over time and how these dimensions differ by gender and socioeconomic status. From the perspective of families and households, the study will provide information, for example, about how work and technology structures work-family interaction and the use of time between and within (spouses, children) households in various (life)stages and socioeconomic groups.



Scientific articles

Anttila, T., Oinas, T., Tammelin, M., & Nätti, J. (2015). Working-Time Regimes and Work-Life Balance in Europe. European Sociological Review, jcv070.

Nätti, J., Oinas, T., & Anttila, T. (2015). Time pressure, working time control and long-term sickness absence. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 72 (4), 265–270.

Anttila, T., Oinas, T. & Nätti, J. (2015). Kadotettu viikonloppu. In Anttila, A-H., Anttila, T., Pääkkönen, H. & Liikkanen, M (Eds.) Ajassa kiinni ja irrallaan. Helsinki, Tilastokeskus.

Oinas, T., Tammelin, M. & Anttila T. (2015). Epätyypillinen työaika ja lasten kanssa vietetty aika. In Anttila, A-H., Anttila, T., Pääkkönen, H. & Liikkanen, M (Eds.) Ajassa kiinni ja irrallaan. Helsinki, Tilastokeskus.

Nätti, J., Oinas, T., Härmä, M., Anttila, T. & Kandolin, I. (2014). Combined effects of shift work and individual working time control on long-term sickness absence. A prospective study of Finnish employees. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, 56 (7), 732–738.

Ojala, S., Nätti, J., & Anttila, T. (2014). Informal overtime at home instead of telework: increase in negative work-family interface. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 34, 69 –87.

Nätti, J., & Anttila, T. (2012). Joustava työaika, organisaation menestys ja henkilöstön hyvinvointi. In P. Pyöriä (Ed.), Työhyvinvointi ja organisaation menestys (pp. 155–173). Helsinki, Gaudeamus.

Nätti, J., Anttila, T., Oinas, T., & Mustosmäki, A. (2012). Night Work and Mortality: Prospective Study Among Finnish Employees Over the Time Span 1984 to 2008. Chronobiology International, 29 (5), 601–609.

Nätti, J., Anttila, T., & Tammelin, M. (2012). Knowledge Work, Working Time, and Use of Time Among Finnish Dual-Earner Families Does Knowledge Work Require the Marginalization of Private Life?. Journal of Family Issues, 33(3), 295–315.

Nätti, J., Tammelin, M., Anttila, T. Ojala, S. (2011) Work at home and time use in Finland. New Technology, Work and Employment 26 (1), 68–71.

Edited book

Anttila, A-H., Anttila, T., Pääkkönen, H. & Liikkanen, M. (2015) (Eds.) Ajassa kiinni ja irrallaan. Yhteisölliset rytmit 2000-luvun Suomessa. Helsinki, Tilastokeskus. (215p)