Jyväskylä University School of Business and Economics

Culture and Diversity in Organizations and Management (CADOM)

The CADOM research group studies are focused on questions of cultural diversity in organizations in relation to theories of organizational cultures and identity.  Especially gender and age, as well as cross-cultural comparisons are used as research perspectives. From methodological point of view, social constructivism impacts this study field and mixed methods of qualitative and quantitative research are used as well as organizational aesthetics.  The research group is led by Professor Iiris Aaltio. 

Topics studied at the project:

  • Ageing in organizations and management
  • Gender issues of organizations and management    
  • Cross-cultural issues of management and leadership
  • Women management and entrepreneurship
  • Cultural diversity within organizations
  • Organizational aesthetics
  • Methodology and meta-approach to management and entrepreneurship

Group Members:

  • Iiris Aaltio (Professor, group leader)
  • Monika von Bonsdorff, Dr.(Academy Researcher) Associate project leader
  • Mirja Airos (Doctoral student)
  • Tommi Auvinen Dr.  (University teacher)
  • Tapani Frantsi, Dr.
  • Kaisa Greenlees (Doctoral student)
  • Pinja Halme, Dr.
  • Kari Jaatinen (Doctoral student)
  • Sirpa Koponen (Doctoral student)
  • Eija Kärnä (Dr.)
  • Abdirizak H. Mohamed (Doctoral student)
  • Kristiina Niemi-Kaija, Dr.
  • Jarmo Peltoniemi (Doctoral student)
  • Jerker Polso (Doctoral student)
  • Waseem Rehmat (Doctoral Student)                                      
  • Annika Saarikoski (Doctoral student)
  • Jukka Saksi (Dr.)
  • Sari Suominen (Doctoral Student)
  • Hannu Tervo (professor)
  • Qian Wang (Doctoral Student)
  • Keijo Varis (Dr.)

Co-operation and follow-up group:  Professors  Jean Helms Mills and Albert Mills, Saint Mary’s University, Canada, Professor Yiyin Yang,  Chinese Academy of Social Sciences(CASS), Professor Elisabeth Sundin, Linköping University, Sweden, Jiehua Huang, Dr. Associate professor , Guangzhou University, China, University Teacher Hanna Salminen, Dr.

International work, co-operation and project workshops

The project has international relations based on both research visits and joint publications, to Saint Mary’s University in Canada, Guangzhou University in China, Tampere University, Linköping University, and Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

International conferences and workshops held recently:

The project members with the Conference Program Chair (CADOM project leader) organized and hosted two international conferences: European Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship (ECIE), held together with Jyväskylä University of Applied Sciences, 15.-16.9.2016 and 13.-14.9.2016 Entrepreneurship Education Conference

Research workshop for doctoral students and post doc researchers, visting professor Silvia Gherardi, Trento University, 8.9.2016, held at the faculty of Business and Economics.

Edited special issue on Aging and organizations, International Journal of Work Innovation  1(4), 2016, editors, Albert Mills, Jean Helms Mills and Iiris Aaltio.

Workshops at the European Institute of Advanced Studies in Management, EIASM, concerning diversity, gender, age, and entrepreneurship in organizations (Organized and chaired by Iiris Aaltio), 2004, 2006, 2009 and 2015.

Continuous doctoral course organizing in KATAJA, (Finnish Doctoral Program in Business Studies) since 1994 – present

Research Workshops held at School of Business and Economics in Jyväskylä; in the honor of Yiýin Yang (CASS) in 2013, Workshop on Use of Q-guestionnary in research, 2013, tracks at the summer conference of School of Business and Economics in Jyväskylä, in 2013 and in 2015.  Joint international conference held by several projects at School of Business and Economics in Jyväskylä, in 2014.

The project members have international relations based on both research visits and joint publications, to Saint Mary’s University in Canada, Guangzhou University in China, Aalto University, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Linköping University, and Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. International conferences and workshops held recently:

Research Workshops held at School of Business and Economics in Jyväskylä; in the honor of Yiýin Yang (CASS) in 2013, Workshop on Use of Q-guestionnary in research, 2013

Tracks at the summer conference of School of Business and Economics in Jyväskylä, in 2013, 2015 and 2016.

Selected Project Funding

Academy of Finland (from 2000-present – projects: Gender and management, Gender and construction of manager identity, Women in managerial careers in China and Finland- copying with networks of life and work)

Jyväskylän Kauppalaisseuran säätiö

Liikesivistysrahasto – Foundation for Economic Education

Työsuojelurahasto – Foundation of Occupational Health

Research Output

5 doctoral thesis within the project are finished at the School of Business and Economics in Jyväskylä University between 2009-2016. Articles related to the project have been recently published in academic journals like Hallinnon Tutkimus, International Journal of Work Innovation, International Journal of Intercultural Relations, Equality, diversity and inclusion: An international journal,  Leadership & Organization Development Journal, Electronic Journal of Business Ethics (EJBO),  International Journal of Intercultural Relations and in book editions like INTECH publisher and PS-kustannus. Conference papers have been presented continuously at conferences of European Group of Organization Studies (EGOS), International Council for Small Business (ICSB), European Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship (ECIE), Eurasian Business and Economics Society (EBES) and the ICSB World Conference (International Council for Small Business).

Best European Paper Reward:  Iiris Aaltio & Qian Wang:  Making sense of women entrepreneurship research: a qualitative meta-analytical review. ICSB Conference, New York, 18.6.2016.

Publications and conference papers (recent), doctoral theses:

  • Iiris Aaltio, Albert Mills & Jean Helms-Mills (2016) Special issue on: Disruptive Demographics: Ageing, Socio-economic Change, Challenges and Potentialities. International Journal of Work Innovation  1(4)
  • Iiris Aaltio, Albert Mills & Jean Helms Mills (2016):  Editorial. International Journal of Work Innovation, 1(4), 323-329.
  • Iiris Aaltio & Qian Wang (2015) Entrepreneurship Education for Learning Flexible Identities – A Cross-cultural Perspective. In Entrepreneurship Education and Training, ed. by Jose Carlos Sanchez.  InTech, 201-224.
  • Iiris Aaltio & Qian Wang:  Making sense of women entrepreneurship research: a qualitative meta-analytical review. Conference Paper. ICSB Conference, New York, 18.6.2016.
  • Iiris Aaltio, Hanna Salminen and Qian Wang (2016) Aging as a topic in business magazines in Finland from entrepreneurship point of view. Conference Paper,  ICSB Conference, New York, 18.6.2016.
  • Iiris Aaltio, Hanna Salminen and Sirpa Koponen (2014): Ageing employees and human resource management – Evidence of gender-sensitivity?  Equality, diversity and inclusion: An international journal, pp. 160-177.
  • Iiris Aaltio & Tommi Auvinen (2015) Storytelling and leadership as a flow. Conference Paper. ICSB, 6/2015, Dubai.
  • Iiris Aaltio & Qian Wang (2016) Study of the Contribution of Research into Women Entrepreneurship: A Meta-analysis of Discourses in the Literature using ATLAS.ti. ICSB, 6/2015, Dubai.
  • Jiehua Huang & Iiris Aaltio  (2014) Nature of Guanxi: Consequences to Life among Women Managers in China. Paper presented in conference of Eurasia Business and Society (EBES), October 2014.
  • Iiris Aaltio & Hanna Salminen (2013) Management of ageing employees - a gender perspective. Paper presented in EURAM conference, Istanbul, June 2013.
  • Iiris Aaltio & Jiehua Huang (2013) Women Managers’ Networks In China and in Finland: The Meaning Of Guanxi And Social Capital, EURAM conference, Conference Proceedings, Estonian Business School.
  • Aaltio, I., Huang, J. &  Yang, Y. (2013) Nature of Guanxi: Consequences to Life among Women Managers in China. Paper presentation. 13th Summer Conference in the School of Business and Economics, University of Jyväskylä, 13.-14.6.2013.
  • Iiris Aaltio & Anu Puusa (2011) Laadullisen tutkimuksen luotettavuuden arvioinnin perusteita. Kirjassa: Menetelmäviidakon raivaajat, toim. Anu Puusa & Pauli Juuti. Johtamistaidon opisto.  Hansaprint, pp. 153-167.
  • Mirja Airos (2009): Ethics and Responsibility in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Enterprises: Prospects and Challenges for Management and Leadership: Public Discourse-Based Approach 2009. Electronic Journal of Business Ethics and Organization Studies (EJBO), Business and Organization Ethics Network (BON) 14 (1): 2009. (33 -42)
  • Tommi Auvinen, Iiris Aaltio & Kirsimarja Blomqvist  (2013) Constructing leadership by storytelling – the meaning of trust and narratives.  Leadership & Organization Development Journal, Volume 34 issue 6,  pp. 496 – 514.
  • von Bonsdorff Monika (2009): Intentions of Early Retirement and Continuing to Work among Middle-aged and Older Employees. Doctoral thesis in Jyväskylä University.
  • von Bonsdorff M. E., Kokko K., Seitsamo J., von Bonsdorff M. B., Nygård C-H., Ilmarinen J., & Rantanen T. 2011. Work strain in midlife and 28-year work ability trajectories. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, 37 (6), 455-463.
  • von Bonsdorff M. E. & von Bonsdorff M. B. 2014. Perspectives on dynamic retirement and active ageing. In A. Leist, J. Kulmala & F. Nyqvist. Health and Cognition in Old Age. From Biomedical and Life Course Factors to Policy and Practice Series: International Perspectives on Aging, Vol. 10. Springer. pp. 259-276.
  • von Bonsdorff M. E., von Bonsdorff M. B., Zhou Z., Kauppinen M., Miettinen M., Rantanen T., & Vanhala S. 2014. Organizational justice, selection, optimization with compensation, and nurses work ability. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 56 (3), 326-330.
  • von Bonsdorff, M. E. Early retirement decisions. 2016. In S. K. Whitbourne (ed.). Encyclopedia of Adulthood and Aging. Wiley-Blackwell. Oxford, UK. pp. 1242-1246.
  • Tapio Frantsi (2009) Ikääntyvä johtaja tienhaarassa – ikääntyvien johtajien kertomukset johtajuuden ja identiteetin rakentajina. Doctoral thesis in Jyväskylä University.
  • Pinja Halme & Iiris Aaltio (2011) Ikääntymisen merkitys työelämässä – näkökulmia ikäjohtamiseen. Hallinnon tutkimus – Administrative Studies Journal, 30 (3), pp. 221-238.
  • Pinja Halme (2016): Four paradigms of age management research.   International Journal of Work Innovation.
  • Pinja Halme (2011):  Iästä johtamiseen – Ikäjohtaminen ja eri-ikäisyys johtajuuden tutkimuskohteena. Doctoral Thesis in JyväskyläUniversity.
  • Jiehua Huang  & Iiris Aaltio  (2014) Guanxi and social capital: Networking among women managers in China and Finland. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. Vol 39, pp. 22–39.
  • Kari Jaatinen (2015) Työyhteisön moninaisuus sosiaali- ja terveysalan ammattilaisen kokemana. Abstract and presentation in Työelämän tutkimuspäivät 5.11.2015, Tampere.
  • Kari Jaatinen (2012) Timonen, L., Jaatinen, K., Lehtonen, M., Pesonen, S., Raivio, A.-M. (2014) Moninaisuuden johtamisesta uusi työelämän avaintaito. UAS Journal 4/2014.
  • Niemi-Kaija Kristiina (2014 Kokemuksellisuus työelämässä organisaatioestetiikan viitekehyksessä. Työntekijöiden subjektiiviset konstruktiot tehokkuudesta.  Doctoral thesis in Jyväskylä University.
  • Niemi-Kaija Kristiina & Iiris Aaltio (accepted for publication in Hallinnon tutkimus – Administrative Studies Journal) Tehokkuuden subjektiivinen konstruointi julkishallinnon työntekijöiden puheessa - organisaatioestetiikka viitekehyksenä.
  • Jerker Polso, Elina Lehtomäki & Iiris Aaltio (2015) Quality Education across Borders: The Role of Education Imports in the Gulf Region.  Rika Joubert, Lars G. Björk ja Tricia Browne-Ferrigno  (eds.) International Education Reform and Quality Education. CELP, 63-72.
  • Waseem Rehmat, Iiris Aaltio, Mujtaba Agha & Mohammad Ali Jinnah University (2015) Is Training Effective?  Evaluating training effectiveness in call centers. In: Electronic Journal of Business Ethics and Organizational Studies.
  • Jukka Saksi (2013)  Johtajat toimialamurroksen keskiössä. Suomalaisen finanssialan ylimmän johdon selontekoja johtajuudesta. Doctoral thesis in Jyväskylä University.
  • Hanna Salminen (2012): The significance of perceived development opportunities in the context of retention : comparing ageing and younger nurses. Doctoral thesis  in Jyväskylä University.
  • Hanna Salminen, Monika E. von Bonsdorff, Sirpa Koponen, Merja Miettinen (2016): Perceived development opportunities and reward satisfaction as antecedents of nurses job withdrawal intentions. International Journal of Work Innovation.
  • Tervo Hannu (2014) Starting a new business later in life, Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship, 27 (2014), 171-190.
  • Tervo Hannu, Mika Haapanen  (2010) The nature of self-employment: how does gender matter?  International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business 9 (2010): 349-371
  • Jan Ulijn, Iiris Aaltio, Gianni Guerra & Lorraine Uhlaner (2011)  Cooperation and teamwork in technology start-ups: reflected in some Italian, British and German findings.   International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, Vol. 14, No.1  pp. 100 – 126.
  • Jukka Saksi (2013)  Johtajat toimialamurroksen keskiössä. Suomalaisen finanssialan ylimmän johdon selontekoja johtajuudesta. Doctoral thesis in Jyväskylä University.
  • Keijo Varis (2012) Organisaatiokulttuurin ja johtajuusidentiteetin merkitys matriisiorganisaatiomuutoksessa : case-tutkimus. Doctoral thesis in Jyväskylä University.
  • Qian Wang & Iiris Aaltio (2016) From marginal area shifting towards a novel era of paradigm: is social entrepreneurship an insight into our contemporary society? ECIE Conference, 15.-16.9.2016.

Contact information: Professor Iiris Aaltio iiris.aaltio@jyu.fi

Cv and publications:

https://www.jyu.fi/jsbe/yhteystiedot/jsbe-faculty/aaltio-iiris

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