According to Pertti Karvonen the term "information society" was invented at the end of the 1960's by the Japanese government. In Japanese the term was "joho shakai" or "johoka shakai" and it was used to describe Japan's technological plans. Japan's success, which had begun in the 1950's, was taken seriously in the Western world. Therefore, also other countries had to hurry to make their own plans for developing technology. For example Finland followed Sweden by setting up a technology committee to make plans for the future in 1979.
However, the term "knowledge society" could be a better term to describe the ideal society where citizens have good access to all the knowledge they need. "Information" means any data, which can be in understandable (clear text, pictures, etc.) or in raw (numbers, bits, etc.) form. "Knowledge", on the other hand, means information, that is in understandable and readable.
In fact, Finland has had a goal to become the leading information society in the world. To enhance Finland's success in becoming an information society, there are many research projects going on in universities and other research institutes. For example the Academy of Finland has funded a Finnish Information Research Programme. Eero Pantzar has written an article "The importance of research on information and knowledge in the information society".
Tuominen, Kimmo: Monologue or Dialogue in the Web Environment? - The Role of Networked Library and Information Services in the Future (http://www.ifla.org/IV/ifla66/papers/004-131e.htm)
Eskola, Eeva-Liisa, Heinström, Jannica & Rosenqvist, Kerstin: Information and learning (a description of a research project) (http://www.abo.fi/fak/esf/bii/research/ilearnabst.html)