Guide to Doctoral Studies
7. Postgraduate studies
8. Licentiate degree including specialist training
9. The examination and grading procedure for licentiate theses
10. The examination and grading procedure for doctoral dissertations
11. Instructions for pre-examiners and opponent of the dissertation manuscript
12. Grading the dissertation
This guide is meant for post-graduate (licentiate or doctoral degree) students of the Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Jyväskylä and those who are planning on studying for a post-graduate degree in either of the Faculty’s two departments, the Department of Psychology or the Department of Social Sciences and Philosophy.
In the Faculty of Social Sciences doctoral degrees can be studied in the following disciplines: psychology, philosophy, women’s studies, social work, sociology, political science, and social and public policy. Doctoral studies are also offered within the Master’s programmes in cultural policy and social gerontology.
Using this guide the post-graduate student together with his or her supervisor can prepare a personal study plan for approval by the professor leading the discipline and confirmed by the dean. The guide provides information from the application process onwards to the final stages of the doctoral degree.
2. Post-graduate degrees
The Faculty of Social Sciences offers the following post-graduate degrees in the fields of psychology and social sciences:
Licentiate of Social Sciences (Lic.Soc.Sc./LicSSc) (may include training to become a specialist social worker)
Doctor of Social Sciences (D.Soc.Sc./DSSc)
Licentiate of Arts (Psychology) (Lic.A. (Psych.)) (may include training to become a specialist psychologist)
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D. (Psych.))
In addition, the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) can be taken at the Faculty.
A doctoral degree consists of a doctoral dissertation (200 ECTS) and theoretical studies (40 ECTS credits).
The doctoral dissertation must be based on independent research work and possess scientific value. The dissertation can either take the form of a monograph or a collection of separate articles published in scientific journals and high-class research reports. The dissertation is publicly defended.
A licentiate degree, as an intermediate degree, is also possible. It consists of a licentiate thesis (90 ECTS credits) and other post-graduate studies (40 ECTS credits).
As an intermediate goal the licentiate degree includes a research report that shows a thorough knowledge of the field of research and the ability to apply methods of scientific research. Theoretical studies included in the licentiate degree can be used as a part of a subsequent doctoral degree. A licentiate degree that includes training as a specialist requires 120 ECTS credits (see part 8).
3. Eligibility for post-graduate studies
3.1 General criteria for admission to the University of Jyväskylä
Applications for permission to pursue a doctoral degree are made to the faculty in which the main discipline of the intended research is located.
The selection procedure follows the detailed criteria laid down by the faculty in question. The faculty criteria are based on the following general admission criteria:
- The applicant can show evidence of having succeeded well at the Master’s degree.
- The applicant must have language skills adequate to complete the proposed studies.
- The research topic must be innovative and connect with the research profile of the department.
- The research plan must be realistic with respect to its implementation.
- The student must show commitment the chosen study program and take part in the relevant seminars, courses and/or graduate schools organized by the faculty.
- The post-graduate student will receive sufficient supervision by an expert. (University of Jyväskylä/ board decision 15.3.2006)
3.2 Criteria for admission to the Faculty
Applicants for post-graduate studies must hold a master’s degree or equivalent in the field they wish to study.
Completed laudatur level (advanced level) studies in the discipline qualify the student to apply for the right to pursue doctoral studies in the discipline in question. In addition, the faculty recommends that the student has received the grade of ’good knowledge’ or equivalent in the laudatur level studies of the main discipline.
Furthermore, the master’s thesis included in the master’s degree should have received at least the grade of cum laude approbatur or equivalent. If the grade is below this the faculty recommends that evidence of extra merits (such as scientific articles, further studies) is shown before admission.
In addition, an important criterion is that the student’s research topic connects with the Faculty’s research profile (see Appendix 1). This enables proficient supervision and integration into the scientific community.
In addition, a student who is eligible for doctoral studies in a related discipline and has a sufficient number of ECTS credits in the main discipline of his or her doctoral studies can be admitted at a professor’s discretion. It is possible to complement studies in the main discipline while performing post-graduate studies.
The applicant must have, in addition to excellent skills in his or her native language, good language skills in at least one foreign language. In particular, those applicants who plan to carry out their doctoral dissertation within a research project or wish to pursue an international career in research must be prepared to write and perform in languages other than Finnish and Swedish.
Applicants who are not native speakers of English must have a good command of written and spoken English, with, preferably, documentary evidence (for example, a TOEFL iBT test or IELTS test).
4. Application procedure
4.1 Degree students
4.1.1 Applying for admission
Applicants with a Master’s degree seeking admission to pursue doctoral studies apply to the Faculty by filling in an application form. The application form can be printed at https://www.jyu.fi/ytk/jatko-opiskelu/lomakkeet . The forms are also available at the departments and the faculty office of student affairs (Ylistönmäentie 33, 3rd floor). Before leaving an application with the Faculty the student must negotiate the possibility for pursing post-graduate studies with a professor of the discipline in question.
A preliminary research plan of two to five pages should be appended to the application. The following details must be included in the plan:
a) title/topic of research and its importance,
b) research questions/problems/setting,
c) theoretical/methodological starting points,
d) research data and intended methods,
e) current phase of research, if already started,
f) research schedule, and plans for financing the study program.
Drawing up a research plan is the first task in a doctoral programme. In the field of psychology it is possible to draw up the research plan after acceptance as a doctoral student.
The admission decision is made by the Faculty, and takes into consideration a statement issued by the applicant’s professor/department. Since the beginning of 2013 there are two closing dates for applications, the end of April and the end of September. The applications with the needed appendices must be mailed by regular post (no email) to the following address:
Faculty of Social Sciences (Y33)
P.O. Box 35
40014 University of Jyväskylä
4.1.2 Personal plan of post-graduate studies
After admission the student negotiates with his or her supervisor(s) the contents and methods of working to fulfil the post-graduate study plan. The plan is written on a form that can be printed at https://www.jyu.fi/ytk/en/doctoral-studies/forms. The necessary forms are also available at the departments and at the faculty office of student affairs.
The plan must follow the discipline’s curriculum for post-graduate studies; see part 7. Within the curriculum the contents and the number of ECTS credits for each part can be negotiated with the student’s supervisor when the personal plan is made. The supervisor group is also named in the plan.
Statements by supervisors can be attached to the personal plan after which the professor leading the discipline or the department council will submit it for approval by the Faculty. The plan must be submitted for approval by the dean at the latest within half a year of admission.
After admission the post-graduate student must enrol at the University of Jyväskylä, following the instructions given in the letter of acceptance.
From the second year on re-enrolment either for attendance or non-attendance will be made by 15 September only by using the registration option for doctoral students within Korppi-system. The student should re-enroll even when not taking any courses during the year in question. In that case the student should specify his/her status as absent.
When re-enrolling, any change in the student’s contact information must be given at Korppi:
A post-graduate student may, if s/he wishes, pay the student union fee, the receipt of which must be shown at the student affairs by 15 September. Paying the fee gives eligibility for services of the Finnish Student Health Service (dental care excluded). In order to receive a small discount on meals at student restaurants an official certificate proving the student status is sufficient.
The student must be enrolled for attendance when submitting his/her research report to examination and during the whole process.
4.2 Visiting and exchange students
In addition to degree students, the faculty welcomes visiting and exchange students of doctoral level for a working period of three to twelve months. If the student plans to stay longer than that, he/she must apply for the status of a degree student. Visiting students apply for entry independently while exchange students are admitted through a student exchange programme or an inter-university agreement.
If the applicant has not had prior contact with the faculty’s academic staff, his or her first step is to gain familiarity oneself with the research profile of the discipline in question. If there is a sufficient match with applicant’s proposed research topic, the professor in question should then be contacted to find out if supervision and/or an appropriate form of cooperation can be arranged for the stay.
The entry requirements, procedures and application deadlines vary depending on the programme or the student’s status.
There is one application deadline per year for visiting students and two deadlines per year for exchange students. The International Office can supply further information and application forms are available at http://www.jyu.fi/en/study/, and also from Student Exchange Coordinator Laura Laamanen, email: email@example.com, tel. +358 14 260 1032.
All visiting and exchange students are expected to have their own research funding for the duration of their stay. Please note that Finnish citizens studying abroad are not eligible for admission as visiting students.
Supervision plays an important role in post-graduate studies and every student is entitled to adequate supervision from the early stages of research and post-graduate studies until the end.
The student will be allocated one to three supervisors who have a doctoral degree and expertise in the field of research in question. One of the supervisors must be an officeholder of the University of Jyväskylä.
Supervision is given mainly by the main supervisor, who is also the chairperson of the supervisory group. The first meeting of the supervisory group is called to evaluate the research plan. Thereafter the group meets by agreement. The guidance group:
a) guides the student in drawing up his or her personal study plan and in planning and implementing the research;
b) supports the student in applying for research funding;
c) reads and comments on the student’s research writings;
d) encourages the student to take the initiative and work independently;
e) helps the student to make contacts with foreign researchers in the same field of study;
f) encourages the student to participate in international congresses;
g) makes sure on the student’s half that the doctoral thesis manuscript is up to standard prior to submission for preliminary examination before the decision of the main representative of the discipline.
The duties of the post-graduate student are:
a) to report regularly on the progress of his or her post-graduate studies to supervisors;
b) to provide research manuscripts for the supervisors to read;
c) to keep supervisors posted also on his or her funding plans;
d) to participate in seminars, conventions and congresses;
e) to be the central agent in his/her own research and studies;
f) to try to keep to dead-lines without impairing the quality of work;
If necessary, existing agreements on supervision can be officially changed on the student’s or the supervisor’s request and any change will be recorded to the student’s personal post-graduate study plan. Requests for a change are addressed either to the main representative of the discipline or to the head of student affairs of the faculty.
NOTE: Being admitted as a doctoral student at the University of Jyväskylä does not entail funding.
How the student is to finance his or her post-graduate studies is planned at an early stage and recorded in the student’s personal plan. Full-time studying can be financed in several different ways, including appointment as a research student at the university, through projects and graduate schools, personal research grants, state-sponsored loans (for Finnish citizens).
The faculty can allow persons working outside the university to pursue post-graduate studies part-time. (However, due to the high unemployment rate in the Jyväskylä region it is not easy to find work especially without a good command of Finnish.)
6.1 Graduate schools
Different graduate schools offer research students a limited number of paid positions for full-time study. More importantly, many graduate schools also offer courses for post-graduate students other than their own. The disciplines within the faculty are variously involved in the following graduate schools:
- Doctoral Programme of Contemporary Asian Studies
- DEVESTU – Finnish Graduate School in Development Studies
- Filosofian tutkijakoulu (Graduate School of Philosophy) http://www.uta.fi/laitokset/mattiet/filosofia/tutkijakoulu/
- Ageing, wellbeing and technology (coordinated by the University of Jyväskylä / DSSP)
- Gender system graduate school
- POLITU – Politiikan tutkimuksen tutkijakoulu (2007-2011) (Political Studies Graduate School)
- Graduate School for Family Studies (coordinated by the University of Jyväskylä / Family Research Centre) http://www.jyu.fi/ytk/laitokset/perhetutkimus/tutkijakoulu/
- Psykonet – Graduate School of Psychology
- SOSNET – Finnish National University Network for Social Work
- SOVAKO – The Finnish Doctoral Program in Social Sciences
- TyöVerkko – A Graduate School on Labour and Welfare Studies
- YHTYMÄ – Yhteiskuntatieteellisen ympäristöalan tutkijakoulu (Graduate school for social scientific environmental studies)
6.2 Other funding possibilities
Each academic year the University of Jyväskylä invites applications for grants up to one year for full-time doctoral studies from post-graduate students who are currently pursuing a doctoral degree at the University of Jyväskylä.
In addition, post-graduate students who have already made progress in their scientific research aiming at a doctoral degree at the University of Jyväskylä can apply for two-year posts.
More information on funding of the University of Jyväskylä can be found at http://www.jyu.fi/hallinto/tutkimuspalvelut/tohtorikoulutusmaararaha.
The Faculty of Social Sciences also invites applications for personal grants to promising students embarking on the early phase of post-graduate studies (starting-out grant) and to those who are finishing their doctoral dissertation (finishing grant). These grants are intended for full-time post-graduate studies aiming at a doctoral degree at the University of Jyväskylä. Inquiries about possible grants can also be made to the departments.
Information (in Finnish) on other grants (i.e. foundations) can be found, for example, through the following links:
Information on financial aid to students paid by Kela can be found at http://www.kela.fi/opintotuki and
at the student services of the University of Jyväskylä
For example, the Centre for International Mobility (CIMO) also awards scholarships to post-graduate students. Information is available on CIMO’S website at http://www.cimo.fi.
Doctoral studies of the Faculty of Social Sciences
(In addition to the doctoral dissertation of 200 ECTS students must complete 40 ECTS of diversified studies on the topics below)
Diversified studies: total of 40 ECTS
I GENERAL POST-GRADUATE STUDIES
Requisite studies: General scientific studies altogether 6 ECTS
1. Ethics of science/philosophy, Doctoral School of the Faculty (e.g. IHME) (min. 3 ECTS)
2. Theory of science/philosophy, Doctoral School of the Faculty (e.g. IHME) (min. 3 ECTS)
Optional studies: at least 10 ECTS
Studies supporting research work (e.g. Doctoral School of the Faculty of Social Sciences, Doctoral Programmes of the Department)
3. Research plan and research process, research funding, personal study plan
4. Scientific writing and publishing
General studies supporting expertise (e.g. University of Jyväskylä Graduate School for Doctoral Studies), for example:
5. Management studies and project management
6. Popularization of research knowledge
7. University level pedagogical studies or equivalent pedagogical studies and teaching and supervision
8. Studies related to the utilization of research results
Language studies if needed (e.g. Language Centre of the University)
Minor studies agreed with the supervisor (e.g. disciplines of different faculties)
Other studies supporting research and general expertise (e.g. University of Jyväskylä Graduate School for Doctoral Studies, Doctoral School of the Faculty of Social Sciences)
II FIELD-SPECIFIC STUDIES, mandatory, minimum of 24 ECTS
Major studies, discipline, for example:
Postgraduate seminars / project work / supervision
Possible complementary studies
Methodological studies, discipline
Within the frame mentioned above every doctoral student will plan and execute his/her personal study plan so that the selected studies support the research work in the best possible way.
As before, all the studies mentioned above can be carried out in the following ways:
- scientific publications
- conference presentations and posters
- scientific expert tasks/guidance
- project work
I GENERAL POSTGRADUATE STUDIES
General postgraduate studies can be conducted as separate courses or so that they are integrated with research work. Separate courses are organised by the faculty, Methodology Centre for Human Sciences, the University, graduate schools or by the Psykonet or Sosnet networks. Studies conducted at other universities in Finland or abroad can also be included in postgraduate studies.
So-called integrated studies (e.g. teaching, supervising, project work, popularization of research data) are converted to ECTS credits in accordance with the common criteria, after the student has documented his/her completion of them. Completed credits are registered in the student register.
Studies supporting general expertise are intended to provide the student with the capabilities for demanding expert tasks after completion of the degree.
II FIELD-SPECIFIC STUDIES
Field-specific studies include major and minor studies as well as methodology studies: 24 ECTS credits in total. A student can emphasize studies belonging to major and minor studies or to methodology studies consistent with his/her research topic. The theme of the studies has to be consistent with the theme of the licentiate thesis and doctoral dissertation, and the level of the studies must primarily be at least intermediate (subject) studies or advanced studies.
III THE SCOPE OF THE DOCTORAL DISSERTATION AND THE LICENTIATE THESIS
A doctoral degree consists of a doctoral dissertation and other postgraduate studies (40 ECTS credits). The doctoral dissertation must be based on independent research work and be of scientific value. The dissertation can take the form either of a monograph or a collection of separate articles published in scientific journals and high-class research reports. The dissertation is publicly defended. More detailed information about the doctoral dissertation can be found on the web pages of the Department of Psychology and the Department of Social Sciences and Philosophy.
It is also possible to complete a licentiate degree (150 ECTS credits) as an intermediate degree. It consists of a licentiate thesis (90 ECTS credits) and other postgraduate studies (40 ECTS credits). The licentiate degree includes a research report that shows a thorough knowledge of the field of research and the ability to apply scientific research methods. The other postgraduate studies included in the licentiate degree can be used as parts of a subsequent doctoral degree. A licentiate degree that includes training as a specialist requires 120 ECTS credits. More detailed information about the licentiate thesis can be found on the web pages of the Department of Psychology and the Department of Social Sciences and Philosophy.
The licentiate degree can also be designed as a degree that enhances professional qualifications, and in the field of psychology, as a degree which includes a professional qualification as a specialist psychologist.
Inclusive of the licentiate degree specialist training the degree consists of 120 ECTS credits:
- specialist training 65 ECTS credits;
- research methodology 15 ECTS credits; and the
- licentiate thesis 40 ECTS credits
in the field of psychology.
In the field of social sciences/social work, licentiate degree is also 120 ECTS credits:
- special field studies 50 ECTS credits;
- research methodology 25 ECTS credits;
- freely chosen studies 5 ECTS credits; and the
- licentiate thesis 40 ECTS credits.
For detailed information on the training
- as a specialist psychologist see the Psykonet’s home pages at http://www.psykonet.fi/eripsy.php and
- for information on the training of a specialist social worker see the SOSNET’s home pages at http://www.sosnet.fi/?deptid=11284.
Studies aiming at the training of specialist psychologist
Training as a specialised psychologist is performed after a master’s degree in psychology. It is a post-graduate training and the emphasis is professional. It leads to a licentiate degree in a special field of psychology (Act on University degrees 794/2004, Ministry of Education directive specifying training responsibility, training programmes in universities, and specialist training 568/2005).
The training of a specialist psychologist qualifies the candidate in the special field in which the training was performed. In accordance with the act on degrees in psychology training can be done in the following fields of specialty: developmental and educational psychology, neural psychology, psychotherapy, psychology of health, and work and organizational psychology. The length of the licentiate degree in psychology is 120 ECTS credits, and is structured as follows:
1. Specialist studies 65 ECTS credits
- professional, theoretical and methodological studies in the special field (55 ECTS credits)
- work experience including work guidance (10 ECTS credits)
The specialist training constitutes a systematic programme that includes familiarization with the theory, practices and methods in the special field. According to the field, training received earlier can be taken into account and integrated into the study programme. Personal orientations can also be taken into account. Supervised work experience gained during the training programme is also a component of the study programme.
2. Research methods 15 ECTS credits
Studies in research methods are integrated into the licentiate thesis so as to support the student’s particular line of research. The studies required vary according both to the special field and the personal needs of the student. The studies comprise three main areas:
1) Theory of science and theory of philosophy,
2) Putting previous learning into practice and studying methods of analysing research data, and
3) Scientific writing
3. Licentiate thesis 40 ECTS credits
The purpose of the licentiate thesis is to give the student the tools for developing his or her special field and its professional practices on the basis of scientific research. The research report is written in the form of an article. The length of the thesis is 20-30 pages and it follows the conventions governing the writing of articles for publication in the field of psychology. An article that has already been published can also be accepted as a licentiate thesis.
The training in each special field is organised nationwide according to a uniform structure, and all the special fields are offered at all the universities that offer training in psychology. The degree is awarded by the university the student is enrolled at as a post-graduate student. Applications are invited at specific times. A detailed description of the specialist training programmes is available at the department of psychology and secretary of the board of the special field in question.
Going on to a doctoral degree requires admission to a doctoral programme. A doctoral degree done after a licentiate degree with specialist training comprises 120 ECTS credits shared between the doctoral dissertation and methodological studies that promote research work.
Studies aiming at the training of specialist social worker
Post-graduate studies in social work can also be done in the form of specialist training. The training of specialist social worker is based on a master’s degree leading to a qualification as a social worker and professionally oriented scientific post-graduate training leading to a licentiate degree in the chosen special field (Act on University degrees 794/2004, Ministry of Education directive specifying training responsibility, training programmes in universities, and specialist training 568/2005).
The training is organised by the social work units of the universities that form SOSNET, the Finnish National University Network for Social Work. Currently the specialist training for a licentiate degree can be performed in five special fields. Ministry of Education has approved the following specialist areas for a professional licentiate degree in social work: 1) Social work with children and young people, 2) Empowering social work, 3) Social work in the field of marginalization, 4) Specialization in welfare services, and 5) Community social work. The licentiate degree inclusive of training as a specialist social worker is 120 ECTS credits. The structure of the degree is the following:
1. Specialist studies 50 ECTS credits
- initiation into the theory, practice and research of the special field
- the studies include 8 ECTS credits of supervision of group work
2. Research methods 25 ECTS credits
- give foundation for employing an investigative and analytical approach to work
- give tools for related research work
- integrated as far as possible to support writing the licentiate thesis
3. Elective studies 5 ECTS credits
- a study module that is a part of the master’s degree cannot be included in this category
4. Licentiate thesis 40 ECTS credits
The objective of the licentiate thesis is to prepare the student to develop his or her special field and its professional practices on the basis of research.
The research topic and questions must be relevant to social work and to the student’s special field. The student must show a thorough knowledge of the research theme and the scientific debate on it. The student must be able independently to apply the methods of scientific research, to command the research process and to produce scientific writing.
The licentiate thesis can be either a monograph or a published (or submitted for publication) article that is broad and meets the requirements of a scientific article.
In addition, the thesis can be supplemented with a practical guide, sound and picture recordings such as a CD Rom, video or web pages that can be utilized in professional training or practical work.
Research seminars organized in connection with teaching and in the home university form part of the training programme. The research seminars deal with planning research, drafting research results and scientific practices.
The contents of the specialist training follow nationally agreed curricula. The degree is awarded by the university the student is enrolled at and where the licentiate thesis is mainly supervised.
The examination and grading procedure for licentiate theses in the Faculty of Social Sciences
1. The candidate submits the licentiate thesis manuscript to the amanuensis responsible for theses.
2. The head of academic affairs asks the leading professor to propose the examiners.
The leading professor gives a proporal of
two examiners to the head of academic
Nominating the examiners.
Licentiate thesis manuscript, instructions
The decision of the dean is sent to the candidate
The examiners submit their statements to the Faculty – copies are sent to the candidate. The candidate has the right to register an objection of these statements. In case the examiners disagree about the grade, or if the candidate registers an objection, a third examiner is nominated for the licentiate thesis.
Decision on approval and grading of the licentiate thesis.
Minutes of the meeting are sent to the candidate.
The examination and grading procedure for dissertations in the Faculty of Social Sciences
1. The candidate submits the dissertation manuscript to the amanuensis responsible for theses.
2. The head of academic affairs asks the leading professor to propose the pre-examiners.
The leading professor gives a proposal of 2
Information regarding the proposed pre-examiners is delivered to the candidate – she/he has the right to register an objection to the proposal. If the candidate registers an objection to the proposal, the matter will be considered in the Faculty Council.
Nominating the pre-examiners.
Dissertation manuscript, instructions for examination, the decision of the pre-examiners by the dean and the payment form are sent to the pre-examiners.
The decision of the dean to the candidate.
The pre-examiners’ statements to the Faculty – copies of them sent to the candidate. The candidate has the right to register her/his objection of the statements, in which case the Faculty Council will consider granting permission to defend the dissertation publicly
The leading professor proposes the members
The candidate has the right to register an objection regarding the choice of opponent. If so, the matter will be considered by the Faculty Council.
Granting permission to publicly defend the dissertation, nominating the opponent and evaluation board, and appointing the date of the defence.
Dissertation manuscript, instructions
The decision of the dean is sent to the candidate.
The dissertation is publicly available 10 days before the public examination.
THE PUBLIC EXAMINATION
The opponent submits her/his statement and the custos submits, after hearing from the pre-examiners, the statement of the evaluation board to the Faculty – copies are sent to the candidate. The candidate has the right to register an objection regarding the opponent’s statement.
Decision on approval and grading of dissertation.
Minutes of the meeting are sent to the candidate.
The tasks of the pre-examiners are to assess the merits of the manuscript and suggest, in a written statement to the Faculty, that permission to defend the dissertation in a public examination should be granted or that the manuscript should be rejected. The pre-examiner can suggest corrections and improvements to the author. The pre-examiners may also submit a joint statement. The Faculty should be able to continue the examination procedure within three months after the manuscript has been received for pre-examination.
The Faculty makes the decision about granting permission for public defence on the basis of the pre-examiners’ statements. The general requirement is that there should not be any significant flaws in the theoretical basis, applied methods, and empirical part of the dissertation. The pre-examiners’ statements should include assessments of at least the following points:
· Research topic and formulation of the research problem
Originality and significance of the research topic. Approach and theoretical basis, and their relevance in regard to the research topic. Presentation of the aims and the research problem. Knowledge of the literature in the field and synthesising one’s own research with the existing literature.
· Material and methods
Selecting and justifying one’s material and analysis methods or perspective for the purposes of interpretation and/or the theoretical approach, and their relevance to the research problem.
Depending on the research methods, an adequately detailed description of the material and measurements is required, in order to ensure the repeatability of the research. The relevance and efficiency of the data analysis, as well as suitability of the method with regard to formulating the research question and to the research approach.
· Presentation of the research results and interpretations
Results, their relationship to the research problem and their scientific and/or practical significance. Conclusions presented in a clear and concise manner.
· Discussion and conclusions
The results should be discussed in a disciplined manner and their relationship to previous research in the field should be covered. The scientific grounds for the conclusions should be given, including a critical and comprehensive analysis of the study results, with reference to the literature in the field.
· Independence and maturity of the author
In the case of an article-based dissertation, attention should be paid to whether the articles constitute a coherent whole, and to the author’s independent contribution to planning and completing the research.
Maturity refers to the impression the dissertation gives of the author’s knowledge, ability to analyse scientific problems, and mastery of research approach.
· Composition and style
The composition and organisation (title, sub-headings) of the dissertation should be evaluated, with special consideration of the clarity of language and the readability of the text, as well as the relevance and clarity of the graphs and tables.
Other special merits associated with the work
The Faculty Council makes the decision about approving and grading the doctoral dissertation.
The opponent’s statement should focus on the same points as those of the pre-examiners: research topic and formulation of the research problem, material and methods, presentation of the research results and interpretations, discussion and conclusions, independence and maturity of the author, composition and style, and other special merits associated with the work. The opponent should also evaluate the performance of the doctoral candidate in defending his or her research in the public examination. The opponent’s statement should clearly indicate whether approval of the dissertation is recommended and his or her recommendation for the grade of the dissertation.
The custos prepares a statement/report for the Faculty Council about the defence of the doctoral candidate in the public examination. The report is also considered in the evaluation of the dissertation.
The dissertation is graded with a scale: rejected – approved – approved with distinction.
When the doctoral dissertation has been approved and the doctoral student has completed the other studies required he or she asks the faculty to declare its decision on the doctoral degree. The student must be enrolled as attending the University of Jyväskylä during term in the dissertation is sent to examination and during the whole process.
The award of the doctoral degree is declared by the dean.
The person who has been awarded a doctoral degree is given a silk hat and a sword at the degree award ceremony as external symbols of having taken the doctoral degree. The symbols can also be bestowed without an award ceremony. In practice, bestowing means the right to carry the symbols which in fact are purchased by the newly-graduated doctor him/herself.
The University of Jyväskylä provides general information for international students at http://www.jyu.fi/hallinto/intl/en
The University of Jyväskylä provides web pages on the practicalities of the day of the public defence:
For general information on studying in Finland and at the University of Jyväskylä:
For information on housing: http://www.koas.fi/en/
APPENDIX 1: Research profiles in the faculty
Department of psychology
The main areas of research are:
- Developmental psychology: a development-oriented approach that covers the entire lifespan, including personality development, motivational development and language development
- Neuropsychology: language development, learning, learning difficulties, particularly the study of dyslexia and the neurological basis of memory
- Clinical psychology and psychotherapy: the study of psychotherapy and therapeutic treatment systems, including the study of treatment processes, outcomes and collaborative networks
- Work and organisational psychology: the study of occupational wellness and health
More information about the research profiles is available at https://www.jyu.fi/ytk/laitokset/psykologia/en/research
Department of social sciences and philosophy (DSSP)
The Department of Social Sciences and Philosophy is an international and multidisciplinary unit specialized in research on social, political and cultural transformations. The focus areas of research organized in three research clusters are (1) Moral and Political Agency (2) Sustainability and Social Transformations (3) Transforming Welfare Policies and Practicies. Citizenship and participation are overarching themes at the department.
APPENDIX 2: The coding of post-graduate studies at the DSSP
The study codes and their titles have been established in JORE (official study registration system) and they can be used when filling in the personal study plan for post-graduate studies, taking into account the requirements of each discipline. Registration of studies as they are completed indicates the progress made in the post-graduate study programme and speeds up the final stages of awarding the degree when the studies are completed. The parts of the codes identifying the post-graduate disciplines are the following:
Gender studies= SPTJ
Social work= STOJ
Political science= VALJ
Social and public policy= YKPJ
Cultural policy= KUPJ
Social gerontology= SGLJ
Each four-letter discipline code is followed by three numbers and titles, as given below:
111 jatko-opintoseminaari I, 5 op / doctoral seminar I, 5 ECTS credit
112 jatko-opintoseminaari II, 5 op / doctoral seminar II, 5 ECTS credit
113 jatko-opintoseminaari III, 5 op / doctoral seminar III, 5 ECTS credit
114 jatko-opintoseminaari IV, 5 op / doctoral seminar IV, 5 ECTS credit
201 tutkimuksen aiheeseen liittyvä kirjatentti I / book exam on research topic I
202 tutkimuksen aiheeseen liittyvä kirjatentti II / book exam on research topic II
311 julkaisu I / publication I
312 julkaisu II / publication II
313 julkaisu III / publication III
314 julkaisu IV / publication IV
315 julkaisu V / publication V
401 kongressiesitelmä I / congress presentation I
402 kongressiesitelmä II / congress presentation II
403 kongressiesitelmä III / congress presentation III
404 kongressiesitelmä IV / congress presentation IV
405 kongressiesitelmä V / congress presentation V
501 opetus I / teaching I
502 opetus II / teaching II
503 opetus III / teaching III
504 opetus IV / teaching IV
505 opetus V / teaching V
601 muut I / others I
602 muut II / others II
603 muut III / others III
604 muut IV / others IV
605 muut V / others V
701 muut syventävän tason ja erityisalan opinnot I / other advanced level and special field studies II
702 muut syventävän tason ja erityisalan opinnot II / other advanced level and special field studies II
800 lisensiaattitutkimus / licentiate thesis 90 op
900 väitöskirja / doctoral dissertation 200 op
PSY J11 Tohtorin väitöskirja (180 op)
PSY J111 Tohtorin väitöskirja
PSY J12 Tohtorin tutkinnon yleiset opinnot (psykologia) (30-35 op)
Other Doctoral Studies
PSY J121 Historiallinen ja metateoreettinen näkökulma
Historical and meta-theoretical perspective
PSY J122 Biologinen näkökulma
PSY J123 Kehityksellinen näkökulma
PSY J124 Kognitiivinen näkökulma
PSY J125 Sosiaalinen näkökulma
PSY J126 Muut yleiset opinnot
Other studies entity
PSY J13 Tohtorin tutkinnon metodiopinnot (15-20 op)
Doctoral Methods Studies
PSY J131 Tieteenteorian opinnot
Theory of Science
PSY J132 Aineiston käsittelymenetelmät
Analysing Methods of Data
PSY J133 Tieteellisen kirjoittamisen perusteet
Basics of Scientific Writing
PSY J134 Muut metodiopinnot
Other Method Studies
PSY J14 Tutkijayhteisön toimintaan osallistuminen tai työelämäyhteydet (10 op)
Participation in Activities of Research Community or Working Life Connections
PSY J141 Tutkijayhteisössä toimiminen
Participation in Activities of Research Community
PSY J142 Työelämäyhteydet
Working Life Connection